Volume 2 | No. 3 | September 2022 Issue

September 2022

The competency level of research students in writing research paper: Basis for recalibrating the research curriculum in the junior high school level
Julie Ann B. Real
Philippine School Doha, Qatar
Full Paper PDF Abstract 1-17


Fostering reading level and story comprehension through MARITES (Marungko Approach Reading Intervention to Elementary Schoolers) with mentor-mentee arrangement
Nancy T. Rubin, Arnel S. Travero
Camp Evangelista Elementary School, Philippines
University of Science and Technology of Southern Philippines-Claveria, Philippines
Full Paper PDF Abstract 18-25


The organizational change process during COVID-19 pandemic in a public university: The case of Kasetsart University, Thailand 
Joefrey B. Geroche, Xiangyi Yang
Kasetsart Business School, Thailand
Holy Angel University, China
Full Paper PDF Abstract 26-37


Characterization of unsold Lechon as raw material for retort product development 
Jennilou C. Patindol, Hilaria L. Bustamante, Bernard Niño Q. Membrebe, Mark Rembert M. Patindol, Joann M. Aldaba
Eastern Visayas State University – Main Campus, Tacloban City, Leyte
Full Paper PDF Abstract 38-57


Iron status of malaria and control subjects attending selected hospitals in Sokoto Metropolis, Nigeria
A.I. Umar, Yusuf Sarkingobir, AI Umar, AM Labbo, M Almustapha, Ummu Tukur
Eastern Visayas State University – Main Campus, Tacloban City, Leyte
Department of Biochemistry, Sokoto State University, Nigeria
Shehu Shagari College of Education Sokoto, Nigeria/ Crown University International Chartered Incorporated/ Shehu Shagari University of Education Sokoto, Nigeria
Department of Medical Laboratory Science, Usman Danfodiyo University Sokoto, Nigeria
Shehu Shagari College of Education Sokoto, Nigeria
Full Paper PDF Abstract 58-66


Administrators’ technology leadership: Its influence on teachers’ technology proficiency
Ma. Teresa E. Mendoza1, Glenn Erick B. Catiis
Taliptip National High School, Philippines
Balagtas National Agricultural High School, Philippines
Full Paper PDF Abstract 67-75


Organizational learning and strategic capability: A study of telecommunications firms in Port Harcourt
Obiageri Felicitas Onwuegbule, Benedict Chima Onuoha
University of Port Harcourt, Nigeria
Full Paper PDF Abstract 76-82


Work-related stressors of secondary school teachers: Basis for developing a stress management program 
Mary Jean P. Dureza, Lea M. Madulid, Peter Marc D. Magsalin, Lyra B. Matulina, Sara M. Villanueva
Technological University of the Philippines, Philippines
Full Paper PDF Abstract 83-95


Instructional leadership for information and communication technology towards the development of a strategic plan for ICT
Riza R. Noceto
San Joaquin – Kalawaan High School, Philippines
Full Paper PDF Abstract 96-109


Life priority and satisfaction during the COVID-19 pandemic of OFW teachers in Thailand
Aldrin C. Go
Technological University of the Philippines
Full Paper PDF Abstract 110-122

Life priority and satisfaction during the COVID-19 pandemic of OFW teachers in Thailand

Aldrin C. Go
Technological University of the Philippines
[email protected]

A B S T R A C T

This study is action research using a quantitative approach to define the influence of Life Priorities based on Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs: physiological, love and belonging, safety and security, self-esteem, self-actualization, and life satisfaction amidst of pandemic. The study’s data comprised 264 OFW Teachers in Thailand via a Google Form questionnaire and utilized non-probability sampling: purposive, convenience, and snowball. G*Power was utilized to calculate the sample size. In SPSS, multiple linear regression was used to test hypotheses at a 0.95 significance level. Demographics of respondents: Gen X has the highest mean rating ratings; females outnumber men; married status is most common; yearly income varies by tenure. The mean rating on the Life priorities and Satisfaction results showed that the respondents were extremely satisfied. The Life Priorities and Life Satisfaction and the demographic assessment showed that boomers II and females were more concerned about love and belonging, married marital status was more concerned about psychological needs, and the greater the income, the more psychological needs. Finally, the study discovered that psychological, love and belonging, safety and security, and self-actualization are the factors that influence life satisfaction. The study recommended the following: the Philippine Government’s Policymakers, Educators, and Psychologists: Develop a program for OFW Teachers in Thailand that can improve the wellness of daily living, leading to extreme life experiences; The OFW Teachers in Thailand: To be involved in the activities that can improve Life satisfaction and encourage others to keep a positive outlook during the pandemic, and future Researchers: it is suggested to increase the number of respondents to normalize data distribution and add additional variable constructs like coping strategies.

Full Paper PDF

Instructional leadership for information and communication technology towards the development of a strategic plan for ICT

Riza R. Noceto
San Joaquin – Kalawaan High School, Philippines
[email protected]

A B S T R A C T
This study aims to ascertain the instructional leadership for ICT among leaders and teachers in the division of Pasig City. The researcher employed mixed convergence – quantitative and qualitative methods. There were 321 teachers and 10 principals that served as respondents. In the qualitative method, 10 subjects served as informants. Triangulation was used, in which both quantitative and qualitative data are gleaned at about the same time and are given equal significance.  The findings revealed that fully practiced inferred the extent of the practice of instructional leadership for ICT in terms of digital practice, ICT maturity, assessment, and roles with ICT, while mostly practiced leadership for collaboration. However, there is a significant difference in the extent of the practice of instructional leadership for ICT except on the assessment and roles with ICT. Transformational leadership style is espoused by the instructional leaders for ICT in the Division of Pasig. Moreover, there was a strong positive correlation between the leadership styles and the extent of the practice of instructional leadership for ICT. On the other hand, it was determined that lack of funds to provide adequate access to the internet connection to successfully integrate ICT in teaching & learning, lack of relevant and effective training to facilitate utilization of ICT and lack of ICT learning resources are the challenges emerged in the instructional leadership for ICT. It was concluded the formation of ICT teams to delegate responsibilities and give technical assistance in handling ICT matters and the collaboration in leading, sharing, and improving ICT expertise through LAC sessions and actual training are best practices concerning instructional leadership for ICT. Furthermore, a strategic plan has been proposed which contains the area of emphasis based on the results of the study.

Full Paper PDF

Work-related stressors of secondary school teachers: Basis for developing a stress management program

Mary Jean P. Dureza, Lea M. Madulid, Peter Marc D. Magsalin, Lyra B. Matulina, Sara M. Villanueva
Technological University of the Philippines, Philippines
Corresponding email: [email protected]

A B S T R A C T
This descriptive action research aimed to determine the work-related stressors of secondary school teachers’ experience, particularly in the school. Based on the gathered data, it is evident that the majority of secondary school teachers have to adjust to the evolving way of teaching. The hybrid approach to teaching and learning (face-to-face and online) takes a toll on teachers’ preparation. Utilizing several tools and platforms and incorporating various techniques to engage learners has caused teachers to spend significant time and resources in preparation. On top of it, the additional clerical and administrative tasks have caused the secondary school teachers to be exhausted and under pressure daily. Adapted survey questionnaires were administered to assess the respondents’ stressors, particularly at school. There was a total of eighty-four (84) purposely selected secondary school teachers/faculty members. Furthermore, a five-point Likert scale was employed to determine the respondents’ results, eventually leading to data interpretation using descriptive ratings. On the other hand, Cronbach Alpha was used to check the internal validity of the surveys with a result of .87 for the first part of the questionnaires (work-related stressors experienced) and .94 for the second part (extent effect of work-related stress) which are both acceptable. The results reveal that secondary school teachers’ main causes of stress were multitasking at work with a mean of (M=3.97) followed by tedious tasks at work with a mean of (M=3.44). Negative stress has caused a tremendous burden on school teachers. According to respondents, the emotional aspect requires immediate attention to reduce stress. This aspect receives the highest response of 45% followed by the physiological aspect at 24%. Primary consideration is given to the conduct of action research to determine whether secondary school teachers are emotionally, mentally, and physically in excellent health. The findings led to the development of a stress management program (SMP) specifically designed for secondary school teachers.

Full Paper PDF

Organizational learning and strategic capability: A study of telecommunications firms in Port Harcourt

Obiageri Felicitas Onwuegbule, Benedict Chima Onuoha
University of Port Harcourt, Nigeria
Correspondence: [email protected]

A B S T R A C T
This research investigated the relationship between organizational learning and strategic capability of telecommunication firms in Nigeria using cross-sectional research survey. Five telecommunication firms were surveyed with simple random sampling. Two hundred and two participants represented the accessible population. Sample size of one hundred and thirty-four was determined from the accessible population. Pearson Product Moment Correlation Coefficient (rs) was employed to analyze the research hypotheses with the aid of IBM SPSS 22.0. Copies of questionnaire was to collect data. One hundred and thirty-four copies were administered to the participants while one hundred and twenty-three copies were filled correctly and found valid for analysis. The study found that organizational learning has significant positive correlation with strategic capability of telecommunication firms. Specifically, it was found that exploitative learning has significant positive relationship with technological capability; explorative learning has significant positive relationship with marketing capability. One of the implications of this study is that managers of telecommunication firms should ensure that learning is embedded in their organizational culture so that whenever there is external turbulences, they would be able to learn from the previous experiences and remain relevant in their businesses.

Full Paper PDF

Administrators’ technology leadership: Its influence on teachers’ technology proficiency

Ma. Teresa E. Mendoza1, Glenn Erick B. Catiis2
Taliptip National High School, Philippines
Balagtas National Agricultural High School, Philippines
Corresponding email: [email protected]

A B S T R A C T
The educational system of the world has reached the 21st century. Teachers and principals have to adopt the immense changes brought by technological advancement. Teachers are equipped with 21st-century tools thanks to the administrators’ technological expertise and their own; however, the intensity is only a possibility waiting to become a reality upon integration. At the height of the 2020 educational set-up brought about by the COVID-19 pandemic, the skills of positive technology integration for both administrators and teachers are needed to actualize and harmonize their respective areas. On this premise, a descriptive-correlational research design was conducted to assess the influence of administrators’ technological leadership on teachers’ technology proficiency in public high schools in the District of Bulakan and Sta. Maria, Bulacan, Philippines. It administered survey questionnaires to 16 administrators and 285 junior high school teachers during the school year 2020–2021. The data was analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics. The results indicated that administrators possess a high level of technological leadership. This implies that they are ready and have full knowledge and practical know-how on the utilization and application of technology. On the other hand, teachers also possessed a high level of technological proficiency. This indicates that they are adept at utilizing technology to aid in the teaching and learning process. It comes to the conclusion that teachers’ technological aptitude is not much impacted by administrators’ technological leadership. This means that teachers can be more proficient; they upskill themselves since this is the demand of 21st century learning. Recommendation includes the implementation of educational reforms that support the new normal in education through programs that improve the quality of instruction and delivery, particularly during times of emergency or state calamity when classes are suspended or interrupted.

Full Paper PDF

Iron status of malaria and control subjects attending selected hospitals in Sokoto Metropolis, Nigeria

A.I. Umar, Yusuf Sarkingobir, AI Umar, AM Labbo, M Almustapha, Ummu Tukur
Eastern Visayas State University – Main Campus, Tacloban City, Leyte
Department of Biochemistry, Sokoto State University, Nigeria
Shehu Shagari College of Education Sokoto, Nigeria/ Crown University International Chartered Incorporated/ Shehu Shagari University of Education Sokoto, Nigeria
Department of Medical Laboratory Science, Usman Danfodiyo University Sokoto, Nigeria
Shehu Shagari College of Education Sokoto, Nigeria
Corresponding email: [email protected]

A B S T R A C T
The association of nutritional status and malarial disease is complex with multiple dimensions. Deficiencies in some of these nutritional parameters rethought to lead to malnutrition with subsequent susceptibility to malaria infection. The objective of this study is to determine iron status of malaria and control subjects attending selected hospitals in Sokoto metropolis, Nigeria. Serum iron was measured by the method of Nitro-PAPS. TBC was assessed calorimetrically while Transferrin and UIBC were determining using specific sharing formula. Result of the study observed significant(p<0.005) increased in TIBC level of most male infected individuals compared to female infected whereas a decreased in Transferrin level in about all male infected individuals than in female infected and vice-visa. The serum iron levels are comparatively low due to redistribution of iron from the serum into the tissue storage forms (transferrin). Also, the percentage transferrin is low, perhaps due to the body absorbing more transferrin than needed, inadequate production of transferrin by the liver which is the major site of malaria infection or excess excretion of transferrin in the urine by the kidneys. After a general analysis, the study observed that serum iron, TIBC and transferrin are highly affected by the malaria.

Full Paper PDF

Characterization of unsold Lechon as raw material for retort product development

Jennilou C. Patindol, Hilaria L. Bustamante, Bernard Niño Q. Membrebe, Mark Rembert M. Patindol, Joann M. Aldaba
Eastern Visayas State University – Main Campus, Tacloban City, Leyte
Corresponding email: [email protected]

A B S T R A C T
Unsold Lechon of producers in Tacloban City reaches up to 200 kilograms, which necessitates a reworking process to prevent wastage, the additional cost of storage, and eventually profit loss. However, its characterization as a raw material needs to be conducted first to understand various properties, which would lead to the establishment of a suitable process and product formulation. The study objectives were to conduct an industry immersion and market assessment and determine the physicochemical, microbial, and organoleptic properties of unsold Lechon. The industry immersion exposed the need for improvement of food safety practices of the food handlers and revealed that the head, ham, butt, and picnic shoulder are the typically unsold parts. In terms of its physicochemical properties, the unsold Lechon is near neutral in pH and had high water activity and moisture content, which indicates susceptibility to microbial proliferation. Varying crude fat and crude protein levels specify that the meat and fat ratio should be included as variables in the product development stage. Meanwhile, the microbial analysis revealed a high microbial load with the possibility of toxin production; time series evaluation identifying sample collection to be before 4:00 pm, and freeze-thaw cycle recommending to store samples at <-18oC for not more than 48 hours. Quantitative Descriptive Analysis (QDA®) showed that pre-treatment of raw materials is not necessary with the identified important sensory descriptors through factor and principal component analysis. Lastly, the market assessment showed that Lechon paksiw is the preferred product to be developed with a market potential of 6.01kgs/household per annum.

Full Paper PDF

The organizational change process during COVID-19 pandemic in a public university: The case of Kasetsart University, Thailand

Joefrey B. Geroche, Xiangyi Yang
Kasetsart Business School, Thailand
Holy Angel University, China
Corresponding email: [email protected]

A B S T R A C T
This research paper is a qualitative case analysis research that utilizes Kotler’s Eight Processes to accelerate change in accessing the experienced of Kasetsart University in terms of organizational change. The study utilized the empirical data from the KU website, memorandum, and announcement about university operations throughout the widespread COVID-19, and the interview was conducted with two key people knowledgeable in this subject. As an outcome, the study found out that KU experienced a digital organization transformation during COVID-19. Furthermore, the KU established the Strategic Plan of Actions during COVID-19 Temporary Closure: Exit Strategies focused on advancing digital innovation as an organizational development initiative. The lesson from the case study is that KU’s preparedness, comprehensiveness, and cross-sectoral methodology were essential in successfully implementing change. Kotter’s eight-step progression for accelerating the modification model was a valuable means to convey metamorphic modification in implementing digital transformation in the entire KU; thus, it is recommended for future researchers that the study results are the basis of reference in the digital transformation change in higher education. Most importantly, this can be converted in quantitative research wherein one variable construct is digital transformation change.

Full Paper PDF

Fostering reading level and story comprehension through MARITES (Marungko Approach Reading Intervention to Elementary Schoolers) with mentor-mentee arrangement

Nancy T. Rubin, Arnel S. Travero
Camp Evangelista Elementary School, Philippines
University of Science and Technology of Southern Philippines-Claveria, Philippines
Corresponding email: [email protected]

A B S T R A C T
Developing young learners’ reading level and story comprehension is fundamentally crucial as this will soon have implications as the learners go to higher grade levels. The main aim of the study is to determine how effective Marungko Approach with Mentor-Mentee Arrangement is to the reading level and story comprehension of elementary schoolers. The researchers conducted a pre-reading test among the learners and the alarming result became the basis on the conceptualization of the study. A group volunteers, who were third year Bachelor of Elementary Education (BEED) students, served as mentors to pupils and they were all oriented on how to conduct the Marungko Approach. The mentors met their mentees twice a week, on a 1-hour session. After the 6-week intervention, it was revealed that the learners have an improved reading level and story comprehension. Also, there was a rapport built by both parties. Mentors expressed their gratefulness in their early exposure to the field; while mentees stated that they now learned how to read and expressed their approval to the mentors’ teaching strategies. The study recommends the use of Marungko Approach in teaching reading to elementary schoolers as it fosters learners’ reading level and story comprehension. Moreover, mentoring proves to be of help during online learning. Lastly, it is highly recommended that teacher education institutions (TEIs) may ink agreements with DepEd schools to facilitate partnership and allowing their students to real-world exposure even before their internships.

Full Paper PDF

Last day of submission for December issue is on October 15, 2022

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