Non-specialized general education instructors’ confidence and self-efficacy in teaching general education subjects

Jherwin P. Hermosa, Richard C. Ampo
Laguna State Polytechnic University, Philippines
Corresponding Email: [email protected]

A B S T R A C T
The new General Education Curriculum offers a greater solution to the problems of higher education, particularly in the duplicity of subject areas that could be taken already at the senior high school level. Thus, this study was done to determine the level of confidence and self-efficacy of the non-specialists’ instructors in teaching General education subjects. The descriptive-correlational design with self-constructed questionnaires was employed using 60 respondents. Frequency count, percentage, and mean were used in the descriptive statistical test while Pearson correlation analysis was used to determine the relationship of the main variables. Results revealed that the level of confidence in terms of commitment and personal experience is very high. While the level of self-efficacy in terms of performance outcomes and verbal persuasion is very high. Moreover, it was found that there was a significant relationship between the respondents’ confidence and self-efficacy. It is recommended that instructors may look to incorporate biographical analysis in teaching GEC subjects. Administrators may pioneer a calibration program for non-GE instructors to increase opportunities to improve mastery of materials. Future researchers may use a different variable, larger respondents, and mixed methods to validate or contradict the result of this study.

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Instrumental popular music and students’ reading comprehension: Basis for proposed reading remediation program

Ana Marie C. Diaz, Jasmin S. Villanueva
Department of Education, Philippines
Pampanga State Agricultural University, Philippines
Corresponding Email: [email protected]

A B S T R A C T
The potential of music to aid reading performance has been the subject of research for many years. The present study aimed to investigate the effect of five music genres (Jazz, Pop, RNB, Rap, and Classical) on the reading comprehension of grade 9 junior high school students in the division of Angeles City. In line with this, the study conducted quasi-experimental pretest and posttest for students (N=40) within the span of 2 weeks. The pretest of each genre was taken without playing popular instrumental music in the background while the posttest was taken while the subjects listened to popular instrumental music. Outcomes of the pretest indicate that students reading comprehension scores obtained a mean that ranged from 5.450 to 5.825. These results barely made the cut to the instructional reading comprehension level that, according to the Philippine Informal Reading Inventory (PHIL IRI) scale ranges from 5 to 7 points, in a ten-item test indicating a need for reading remediation. Results of the study showed a highly significant difference between pretest and post-test scores for the genres of Jazz Pop and Classical where all three genres obtained a p-value of 0.000 which was lower than the set alpha of 0.01 level of significance. Hence, a reading remediation program utilizing Jazz, Pop, and Classical music as a reading supplement has the potential to aid struggling readers. Therefore, based on the outcomes of this study, the researcher designed a proposed reading remediation program utilizing the three genres (Jazz, Pop, and Classical).

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Understanding determinants of cloud computing adoption: A review of technology adoption models

Aminu Adamu Ahmed, Alhaji Adamu Saidu
Federal Polytechnic Kaltungo, Gombe, Nigeria,
Abubakar Tatari Ali Polytechnic Bauchi, Nigeria,
Corresponding Email: [email protected]

A B S T R A C T
The adoption and usage of cloud computing have become a competitive weapon for achieving organizational or business sustainability and maintaining a strategic position in a marketplace or in the eyes of its clients, even though it has been facing various impediments as a result of inadequate understanding of appropriate models to be applied and the users’ perception of CCA. Consequently, this study aims to investigate and analyze the current state of the literature on cloud computing adoption (CCA) with various technology adoption models in different areas. However, inappropriate models could not explain the factors determining the adoption determinants and little research attention has been paid to the adoption of cloud computing. For this reason, a systematic literature review (SLR) with a total of 204 and 40 (samples) articles were employed. The four. The findings of the study revealed that the TOE was the most adopted adoption model, followed by the DOI model. This study also identified 23 determinants of CCA that have been extracted from these four models as significant factors determining the adoption of cloud computing. Out of these determinants, security and privacy (SP) were found as the most dominant factors influencing CCA. SME is the major area where CCA has been used, especially from the year 2015 to 2020. There is a need to invest more in ICT in other sectors of the economy.

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Elementary teachers’ experiences and instructional challenges during the return to school after the COVID-19 closure in the Philippines

Potchong M. Jackaria
Teacher-II, Tandubato Primary School, Tawi-Tawi, Philippines
Corresponding Email: [email protected]

A B S T R A C T
As education started to recover from the impact of COVID-19, the Philippine Department of Education began to roll out pilot face-to-face classes. Hence, there is a need to explore teachers’ experiences regarding the preparations and challenges encountered during the reopening of classes after the COVID-19 closures. Specifically, this study explored teachers’ preparation and instructional challenges encountered during the first few weeks of reopening of classes. The study utilized a phenomenological research approach. Seven public elementary school teachers involved in the pilot face-to-face classes were purposively selected for the one-on-one interview. Each interview lasted for about 30-minutes and was tape-recorded. The researcher also conducted classroom visitations to understand better the context of the teachers’ responses. Data were then transcribed, translated, and analysed using a thematic analysis technique. The result shows that five themes emerged pertaining to teachers’ preparation for the reopening of classes. These include establishing health protocols, school physical improvements, instructional materials development, psychosocial preparation, and acquiring new teaching strategies. As for the instructional challenges encountered, the teachers expressed concern about the alarming number of non-readers and students who are mentally and socially unprepared. Other challenges include the difficulty of maintaining health protocols, the need for new teaching strategies, and challenges with time management. The findings suggest that comprehensive reading intervention and psychosocial first aid programs should be part of the school reopening strategy. Furthermore, the researcher recommends that teachers should be trained to handle students during the post-pandemic era.

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Effect of vitamin C and folate on heat-stressed chickens’ egg quality and daily egg production 

Okocha I. Onuoha, Herbert Udo
Federal College of Education, Eha-Amufu, Enugu State, Nigeria.
Michael Okpara University of Agriculture, Umudike, Nigeria.
Corresponding Email: [email protected]

A B S T R A C T
Egg quality is of economic consideration especially in thermally challenged confinements during table egg production and transportation. The effect of vitamin-C and folate on heat-stressed chickens’ egg quality and performance is aimed at overcoming the negative impact of exposure to increased environmental heat load at peak heat periods of the year using vitamin-C as ameliorative agent, and efficient utilization of consumed feed, using folate. This is in other to lay quality eggs and perform optimally. A total of 72 Isa Brown laying hens at 31 weeks of age were randomly divided into 4 treatment groups of 36 birds subdivided into 3 replicates and indicated as T1, T2, T3 and T4 while T1 served as the control treatment. The birds were housed in a deep litter pen and exposed to 3-hours additional heat generated with gas-powered burners, for four consecutive days of each week for a period of 12 weeks. The diets for T2, T3 and T4 were supplemented with 250 mg of vitamin-C, 250 mg of vitamin-C + 1 mg of folate and 300 mg of vitamin-C + 1 mg of folate per kg of feed respectively. The results showed that T4 had the highest egg weights (60.04 g), shell thickness (0.53 mm) and shell weights (7.80 g). The albumin weight (37.20 g), albumin height (6.80 mm) and yolk weight (14.70 g) were highest (P<0.05) in T4 while daily eggs production/treatment/day was highest in T4 (8.04). The daily feed intake was (P<0.05) highest in T3 and T4 (0.42 kg/bird) and (P<0.05) lowest in T3 and T4 (1.51). It is concluded that combined supplementation of layers’ diet with vitamin-C and folate at the ratio of 350 mg: 1 mg/kg of feed) help to reduce negative impact of heat stress and enhance efficient utilization of feed consumed. It is recommended as a nutritional management strategy in minimizing the negative impact of increased heat load coupled with very high relative humidity.

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Bilingualism: Its influence on the reading comprehension of college students

Adybier M. Lobaton
Northern Negros State College of Science and Technology, Philippines
Corresponding Email: [email protected]

A B S T R A C T
Reading plays a great role in the lives of people. It provides them access to the world of ideas and an instrument for obtaining knowledge in various subject disciplines. It is a needed tool that one must possess so that s/he will not be deprived of a wonderful medium of learning. However, numerous factors impede one from acquiring reading skills. One of the most controversial issues on these factors is the language problem, which in the Philippines has evolved into an issue of national importance. Questions on the reading problem or language problem arise and it has continued to be the subject of national debate. This study was conducted utilizing the use of two languages (English and Filipino) in order to determine their significant influence on the reading comprehension of college students. A true-experimental method of research was used and it revealed: a) language of instruction does not affect significantly the achievement in reading comprehension of the subjects, b) results of the pre-test and post-test of both experimental and control groups consistently showed that the English and Filipino instructed-experimental and control group performed well in their reading achievement.

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Lion algorithm: Overview, modifications and applications

Saman M. Almufti
Computer Science, Nawroz University, Kurdistan-Region, Iraq
Corresponding Email: [email protected]

A B S T R A C T
The increasing complexity of real-world problems motivated computer scientists and researchers to seek more efficient problem-solving strategies. Because of their ability to adapt to a wide range of conditions, Natural Inspired, Bio Inspired, Metaheuristics based on evolutionary computation, and Swarm Intelligence algorithms have been widely used for solving complex, real-world optimization problems. This paper presents a swarm based algorithm that is based on the cooperative behaviors between Loin’s, it is called Lion Algorithm (LA) algorithm. This paper provides a review of these algorithms, with a particular emphasis on the Lion algorithm. Lion Algorithm is based on lions’ unique social behavior, which makes them the world’s strongest animal. Loin Algorithm, like Genetic Algorithm, includes generation, mutation, crossover, and so on. The lion’s territorial defense and territorial takeover behavior distinguishes this algorithm from others.

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Job mismatch: The case of registered nurses in the Philippines

Kristine A. Condes, Toni-an B. Lachica
Northern Negros State College of Science and Technology, Philippines
University of St. La Salle, Philippines
Corresponding Email: [email protected]

A B S T R A C T
Job mismatch remains to be a subject that is given strong attention as it affects labor market productivity and economic growth. The literature revealed a growing number of nurses who are working in fields not related to the nursing profession. The purpose of this study is to explore the lived experiences of job-mismatched registered nurses. Using a qualitative phenomenological research design, a one-on-one interview has been utilized to take a look at the experiences of nine registered nurses who qualified in the inclusion criteria set by the researchers. Specifically, it gives light on what opted them to work in other fields, the difficulties they encountered, and their coping mechanisms. The result shows that participants find nursing as an exemplary education that brings together the concept and skills of competency and productivity. However, even with all their preparations for the profession, participants cited that wage gaps, stressful working environments, and employment scarcity are the reasons why nurses leave their profession. They encountered complexities during their transition to a new career in technical-related skills, work environment, and routine. Under these circumstances, participants still expressed willingness to work again as nurses in the future even with some reservations. In conclusion, the five thematic insights drawn from the experiences of the participants were the following: Unfavorable Working Conditions for Nurses, Moving to Other Career Paths to Meet Needs, Struggling Over the Mismatched Syndrome, Coping with Change, and Clinging to Nursing Profession. Thus, the researchers recommend that government, nursing, and health institutions must coordinate and discuss the plan to intensify programs and laws to promote better management and accommodation of professional nurses in the country.

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21st century competencies of teachers in teacher education institutions: Basis for designing faculty development program

Julie Ann B. Real
Philippine School Doha, Qatar
Corresponding Email: [email protected]

A B S T R A C T
The role of teachers in the teaching-learning process is crucial. Students flourish when instruction and learning are at their finest. Competent teachers are needed to achieve successful teaching and fruitful learning. The main objective of this study is to assess the teachers’ competencies in selected public and private Teacher Education Institutions (TEIs). It covered 1,770 respondents: 95 from teachers, 1,658 from students and 17 from superiors. Teacher-respondents were asked to evaluate the level of their teaching competencies. To make the study more consistent, their students, and superiors were also asked to evaluate them. The Teacher-respondents were evaluated using the five-point Likert scale. The statistical tools used in this research were Frequency, Percentage, Weighted Mean and ANOVA. Findings revealed that when the three groups of respondents were asked to evaluate the level of teachers’ competency, they evaluated the teachers as ‘Very competent’ in terms of the competency indicators. Furthermore, based on the findings, there is no significant difference in the level of teachers’ teaching competencies as perceived by the three sets of respondents. It is concluded that the three groups of respondents evaluated that teachers manifest high degree of success in performing instructional and other duties in teaching. This is based on the computed figures in the findings, which show that they rated the teachers as very competent in delivering the teaching competency indicators. Although, the respondents evaluated the teachers as very competent in teaching, there are competency-indicators that should be given attention, particularly the indicators which were lowly ranked.

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K-12 online education during COVID-19 pandemic: Private school teachers’ perspective

Eric M. Ragpala
Don Mariano Marcos Memorial State University- MLUC, College of Graduate Studies
City of San Fernando, La Union, Philippines
Corresponding Email: [email protected] 

A B S T R A C T
Throughout the COVID-19 pandemic, most educational institutions had been compelled to make an abrupt transition to online classes, which provided opportunities and challenges for students and teachers. To make sure the validity and reliability of this research study, a descriptive design was used. The researcher utilized an online semi-structured interview to gather the needed data from the participants. The researcher adhered to random sampling in selecting the participants of the study. A total of 17 private school teachers were randomly interviewed using Google Meet and Zoom. After the online semi-structured interview, the researcher analyzed the data using thematic analysis. The three major themes generated from the responses of the participants are perceptions of the private school teachers, the challenges in online teaching amidst the COVID-19 pandemic, and coping mechanisms. The study found that online teaching had an impact on the responsibilities and roles of the participants in K-12 education due to the changes in teaching platforms, procedures, and techniques. The study presented that the internet connection of students and teachers is one of the most important tools in online teaching. This study revealed also that pure online teaching will not help K-12 education achieve its goals due to the lack of hands-on activities. The study highlighted that the various challenges in online teaching encourage them to be adaptable and resourceful in their teaching careers. Furthermore, the study consists of coping mechanisms that determine how the participants coped with the changes introduced by the rapid move from face-to-face delivery of lessons to online teaching. The researcher recommends that teachers must regularly attend training and seminars on educational development and students must interact with their teachers to perform effectively in the teaching-learning process.

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